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Systematic Study of the New Testament   Portuguese  Spanish

Year 3 - N° 149 – March 14, 2010


Curitiba, Paraná (Brasil)  
Marcelo Damasceno do Vale - marcellus.vale@gmail.com


The Gospel according to Matthew

First book of the New Testament

(2ª Part)

We continue this issue to the Systematic Study of the New Testament, which includes the study of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John and the book of Acts. The study is based on the Catholic version of the New Testament that the reader can see from this link: http://www.bibliaonline.com.br/asv/mt/1

Relevant answers to questions are at the end of the text below. 

Questions for discussion 

1. When John the Baptist began to announce the arrival of the kingdom of God and baptized in the River Jordan to the Pharisees and the Sadducees sought. What words then John drove them?

2. Jesus, according to Matthew, have been tried three times by the devil. What lessons did the Master then you left?

3. In which city he began to preach?

4. How is called the first disciples asked Jesus to assist you?

5. What part of this Gospel begins and ends the Sermon on the Mount?  

Text for reading

7. Jesus begins to preach - when John was arrested, Jesus returned to Galilee and dwelt in Capernaum by the sea, in the borders of Zebulun and Naphtali. Since then he began to preach and say, "Repent, because now is the kingdom of heaven." Then, walking along the Sea of Galilee, saw two brothers, both fishermen, who invited them to follow. They were Simon, called Peter, and Andrew, and they left their nets and followed him. Then he saw two other brothers, James and John, sons of Zebedee, and they left their boat and their father, also after him. Then Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the gospel of the kingdom and healing every disease and diseases of the people. His fame went throughout all Syria, and so it was brought to you all who suffered diseases and torments, and those possessed by demons, epileptics, the lame, and he healed them. (Matthew, 4:12 to 4:24.) 

8. The beatitudes of the Sermon on the Mount - Jesus saw the crowd that followed him, went up a hill and sat down, came to his disciples. The Lord began to speak, starting there a famous sermon that became known by the name of the Sermon on the Mount, which extends over the cap. 5, 6 and 7 of the Gospel of Matthew. The initial part of the sermon are called the Beatitudes, the number nine: "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted, Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be filled, Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy, blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God; Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called sons of God Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven Blessed are ye when men shall revile you and persecute you and falsely say all manner of evil against you because of me. Rejoice and be glad, for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you. " (Matthew 5:1 to 5:12.) 

9. We are the salt of the earth and light of the world - Following the sermon, Jesus asserted: "You are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savor, wherewith shall it be salted? For nothing but to be cast out and trampled underfoot by men. You are the light of the world can not hide a city upon a hill, nor do men light a lamp and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick, and it gives light to all in the house. So let your light shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father which is in heaven. " (Matthew, 5:13 to 5:16.) 

10. Jesus says he came not to abolish the Law but to fulfill it - Jesus makes clear in his sermon, he did not come to abolish the Law or the prophets but to fulfill them. And he said that until heaven and earth pass, one jot or one title shall pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. The importance of compliance can be appraised by the following words of the Lord: "Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teaching will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I tell you, unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven. " (Matthew 5: 17 to 5:20.) 

11. We must reconcile ourselves to the opponents - Jesus, after confirming the commandment "Thou shalt not kill", stresses that it's not just that he who kills will be liable to legal proceedings, but any person who, without reason, is angry with his brother. Abhorring offensive words against our fellowmen, Jesus offers us the reconciliation with adversaries. When a person is bringing their offerings to the altar and remember that your brother has something against it, should go first be reconciled to your brother and then submit your offer. This attitude is so important, Jesus repeats the teaching: "Agree up quickly with your accuser while you are on the road with him, lest the adversary deliver thee to the judge and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and you cast into prison. Verily I say no way out of there until you have paid the uttermost farthing. " (Matthew, 5:21 to 5:26.) 

12. A lesson in adultery - Alleging also adultery, as was said by the ancients, Jesus teaches that whoever looks at a woman with lust "in his heart already committed adultery with her." "So states the Master, if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out and throw it away from you, It is better to lose one of your members than that your whole body thrown into hell. And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off and throw it away from you because it is better that one of thy members should perish than that thy whole body be cast into hell. "(Matthew 5: 27 to 5:30.)

Answers to questions 

1. When John the Baptist began to announce the arrival of the kingdom of God and baptized in the River Jordan to the Pharisees and the Sadducees sought. What words then John drove them?  

John said: "You brood of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Render therefore fruits of true repentance. Say not within yourselves, We have Abraham as our father I tell you: God is able of these stones to raise up children to Abraham. The ax is already at the root of the trees: every tree that does not produce good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. I baptize you with water, a sign of penance, but that will come after me is mightier than I and am not worthy to carry his shoes. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. Have on hand to shovel, clean his floor and gather the wheat into the barn. The straw, however, burn them to an unquenchable fire. " (Matthew 3:7 to 3:12.) 

2. Jesus, according to Matthew, have been tried three times by the devil. What lessons did the Master then you left?  

There were three lessons that Jesus made was: 1) Do not live by bread alone man, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God. 2) Do not tempt the Lord thy God. 3) Thou shalt worship the Lord your God and serve Him only.  (Matthew 4:3 to 4:11.) 

3. In which city he began to preach?  

When Jesus heard that John was arrested, he withdrew to Galilee, and leaving the city of Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum on the shore of lake in the area of Zebulun and Naphtali, so that might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet Isaiah : The land of Zebulun and Naphtali, the sea, the land beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles, the people that sat in darkness have seen a great light, came a dawn for those who lay in the dark death. From that time Jesus began to preach, "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near. (Matthew, 4:12 to 4:17.) 

4. How is called the first disciples asked Jesus to assist you?  

Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, who were fishermen, James son of Zebedee and his brother John, who were with their father Zebedee, mending their nets. (Matthew, 4:18 to 4:22.) 

5. What part of this Gospel begins and ends the Sermon on the Mount? 

The sermon begins in chapter 5 and ends in Chapter 7 of the Gospel of Matthew. 


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