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Year 2 - N° 91 – January 25, 2009

São Paulo, SP (Brasil) 
Mani Fagundes dos Santos - manifagundes@yahoo.co.nz


The Sermons of Jesus

During his mission, Jesus delivered many sermons, public and
private, but the first one and also the most important is that
which became known as the Sermon on the Mount,
also called for Sermon of the Beatitudes

According to the dictionaries, a sermon is a religious, doctrinal or moral discourse; a reprimand with intent to moralize, warn and criticize. During his mission, Jesus gave four sermons, public and private, always objectively and seeking to reach His goals. The public ones were made in places that marked the passage of the Master, who taught while walking. The private ones were made in closed meetings with his disciples. The first and most important one was the Sermon on the Mount, also called the Sermon of the Beatitudes. The second is the Prophetic Sermon. The third is called the Sermon of the Cenacle, and the last represents a severe reprimand and warning to the Scribes and Pharisees: the Sermon of Eight "woes". 

Sermon on the Mount 

The New Testament tells that, before starting his public life, Jesus did 40 days of silence and meditation in the desert. This Sermon is the first message that, right at the beginning, He directed to the people and is called Sermon on the Mount because it was delivered at the hills of Karn Hattin, to the southwest of the Lake Genesareth (Sea of Galilee). These    words      can    be

considered a "platform of the Kingdom of God", using a political language, because ¹: 

1 – brought the basics of Christianity,

2 - gave us a moral code that guides us,

3 - affirmed that the Kingdom of God is not of this world

4 - contradict the assumption that He would be a political messiah. 

Early on, The Master speaks of the eight Beatitudes, in which He proclaims that happy are precisely those who the world considers unfortunate: the poor, pure, meek, peacemakers, persecuted, etc… Then He draws our attention to the need to practice the teachings He transmitted by stimulating the best in us, inviting us to be perfect as the Heavenly Father is. In this Sermon we clearly understand that the distinction between happiness and joy, misery and suffering is found throughout the Gospel, and only understood by those who have awakened to the awareness of the condition of their immortal spirits. 

The Sermon on the Mount thus represents the most violent contrast between the patterns of the materialistic person and the ideal of the spiritual being. Eg, the materialistic people think it is an absurd to love those who do not love them, to do good to those who lie, to suffer another injustice instead of retaliating what they suffered. From the perspective of the man who only lives, the material experiences, he is right. But Jesus invites us to go beyond. He asks to go into a new dimension of consciousness, beyond the material and enter into an unprecedented magnificent field, with a cosmic vision of the other - the practice of forgiveness - because only then we can understand the constant transience of everything that is material so that we become aware of what is essential and perennial: the life of the Spirit. 

How to understand the advent of the Kingdom of God, for example, if each person, individually, do not place it within himself/herself? We could all do this. How about take some time every day, "to connect with the internalised Divine Self, connect with our Internal Christ" 4, reviewing ideas, attitudes, thinking and trying to do better than we thought and than what we did yesterday? How about replacing material values by divine values, draining the material and filling up with God, as the parable of the lost son, who is away from the father, then sorry, search him and find him again winning over his imperfections? (Luke, 15: 11-32.). If we want to live with and like Christ, we need to be 100% honest with ourselves and let us not delude ourselves with palliative and disguises that conceal the truth about us. Because of our difficulties that Jesus, taken by compassion for the world, fell from the heights and made his sermon with consoling promises, bringing faith, resignation in adversity, gentleness in the redemptive struggles, mercy in the midst of tyranny and madness. Knowing in advance that anyone who followed His words would be insulted and persecuted, He recommended that we do no rage against those who do us evil, so that we can show by example in our existence. 

After the "the Beatitudes, Jesus warns us to experience these lessons, so He praises, seeking to highlight what we have best, showing that those who follow His words by example, are considered to be the salt of the Earth, because they are preserved from corruption and that His teachings are the spiritual light of the world that should be scattered and not hidden. The light destroys the darkness. Knowledge destroys ignorance. The disciple of Jesus is like this, everyone will check to see if his acts will deny the word he preaches. 

The Master continues still, alerting us that He did not come to destroy the law or the prophets, by contrast, He came to complete them, teaching men how to strictly follow the guidelines. Speaks of the continuous progress that is proposed to those who understand and practice His words and the responsibility of those who teach such words. He asks us to reconcile with our opponents, while we are both incarnated, by changing actions and not paying evil with evil. He invites us to have the same attitude of thew widow that gives her necessity and not of her superfluous and do charity without ostentation so that the left hand does not know what the right does. Leads us, finally, to reflect on the prayer. Recommends that we pray, secretly, into our room and being such a sacred act that a prayer is, that we pray in the most humble way and in perfect harmony. And He gives us then, the universal prayer for excellence: “Our Father”. 

Prophetic Sermon 

According to “The Gospel according to Spiritism”, chapter XXI, a prophet is, above all, someone who announces the things of God and who may or may not have the condition to predict the future. Jesus was a prophet in every sense of the word.

Delivered in the Mount of Olives, we can understand, in a respectful way, Jesus’ bitterness towards the lack of understanding from men in front of the messages that He came to bring. 

But what was the purpose of the Master with these lessons? In them, Jesus predicted a series of events to mark the centuries to come, due to resistance from men to understand and accept the Christian message of "Love God above all things and your neighbour as yourself." His words clearly presents the disasters for which the world would go through, until we wake up to the need to love unconditionally, to do good without ostentation. 

"There will be stone unturned, which is not overturned." ² With this sentence, he announces not only the ruin of Jerusalem, but also of the failed institutions: that of yesterday and today, we can well understand, before the tables of inequities that we see on days like these. He warns the disciples and the people about the future difficulties, talks about the care we should have in relation to the false prophets that will appear, reminding us of the need for monitoring and analysis of what we see and hear, to pay attention to misleading appearances, redoubled care with the misinterpretations of the teachings received. Alert to the fact that non-compliance with the law of fraternity will bring war, famine, pestilence and that will be a lot of killing and suffering because of the truths that were brought. However He also speaks of the new world that will emerge, warning everyone that we should not be taken by the old ideas and the problems of the past. And also to remind us that we must be alert, watching and praying to be prepared to go through the hard evidence as true Christians, making the most of them for the betterment of the Spirit. Therefore there will be tests, even for those who are already studying and understanding the Gospel. 

In that sermon, Jesus talks about the parable of the dry fig tree. Also tells us the parable of the Ten Virgins and the parable of the Ten Talents. Both are more direct guidance to the workers of the harvest, through which Jesus shows the consequences of our attitudes if we do not comply with the obligations we take. The laws of general guidance, contained therein, are the Laws of Love covering the principles of charity. He says that those who do not fit these requirements will suffer, urging, for that account, the need for vigilance and the fulfilment of His words, because we do not know when we will be called to the world of spirits. Spiritism believes that this is a warning for the application of the Law of Reincarnation, with the atonement of great difficulties. 

Jesus also spoke of events that would happen shortly after his death, and others that would occur in the long term. He says, "Heaven and Earth shall pass away, but that His words will not." We believe that the teachings of the Master are the universal moral law, emanating from God, and therefore the material things can disappear, but His words will prevail to the spirits, because they are words of eternal life. 

With these prophecies, Jesus separates the faithful servants from the unfaithful ones, listing the qualities of a good one and bad qualities of the other one. The faithful servant, from Christ’s point of view, is the one that in any case remember to take care of the assets of God, that is, the body, the Spirit and the responsibility for his/her relatives. All this, and lets’ not forget about countless brothers and sisters who suffer in this life, those seeking solace, support, who are ignorant of light. The Master also outspreads the change from a planet of test and atonement for a planet of regeneration, with the separation of those who practice the Gospel in its fullness, from those who rebel against it. The Doctrine of the Spirits teaches us that every day of our existence, we have a chance for renewal, and that each reincarnation is a new opportunity to inner renewal. So when our world reaches up to the condition of the world of regeneration, there will be no appropriate condition for the permanence of spirits that persist in the practice of evil. 

It is interesting to note the firm position of Jesus on his mission, even being aware of the facts that would happen. We can deduce that regardless of the position of Judas, the priests and the others also on the purpose to eliminate Christ remained firm, because of the hatred they felt for Him, and the fear of change that He brought to the consciences of men. 

Sermon of the Cenacle 

The Dictionary Aurélio - XXI Century - says cenacle is a meeting of people working for a common purpose. And in a second definition, is a place where people make their meals (cafeteria). 

The Sermon of the Upper Room was well known for having been delivered in the enclosure where Jesus made the last supper before his arrest. Cairbar Schutel ³ emphasizes, "The Sermon of the Upper Room is as important, substantial and edifying as the Sermon on the Mount. This is the entrance of the Spirit in the perfect life, which are the strength, hope and faith to continue on such a glorious path. " ³ the purpose of this meeting of the Master with his disciples was complementary to the recommendations and preparing the disciples for the hard tests that they would face, because he knew that soon He would not be among them. 

After distributing the bread, symbolizing the doctrine that He brought, and wine (as the essence of life), representing the Spirit that we must always experience, after He washed the feet of His disciples as a sign of humility and purity of the soul, Jesus starts his speech with memorable words of comfort, hope and resignation: "Do not trouble your hearts. Do you believe in God? Believe also in me: In my Father's house there are many rooms...” (5) 

Jesus continues, awakening in them the assurance of immortality of the spirit, to give them the awareness that He is the True Vine and they, the disciples were His branches. The branches come out of the trunk and make leaves, flowers and fruits. So should the disciples of the Master, because the branch that does not fruit will be cut off and thrown away, showing the need for spiritual work. He asked us to remain in His love and that we love each other as He loved us. He insisted that all expect the coming of the Spirit of Truth, the other consoler, which would explain what he could not, and remember what has been forgotten. He said words of consolation, before His departure for the Father's house. He farewelled His friends and closed the sermon with a prayer dedicated not only to the disciples attached to Him, but for everyone who follow Him and seek to follow His example. (5) 

It is interesting to note that John does not speak of the suffering Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane as do other evangelists. However, he was the disciple who was closest to Him. 

Sermon of the eight "woes" 

In the "Introduction" of The Gospel According to Spiritism, Allan Kardec argues that the Pharisees "took an active part in religious controversy. They were faithful practitioners of exterior cults and ceremonies, full of ardent zeal, proselytism, and enemies of innovations, maintaining great severity of principles. But behind the cover of punctilious devotion lay dissolute habits, a great deal f pride and above all an excessive desire to dominate. Religion was actually a means to an end, rather than an object of sincere faith. Nevertheless they exercised a great influence on the people, in whose eyes they were sacred. This is how they became very powerful in Jerusalem." 

Jesus recommended to his disciples, beware of such doctrines that are like yeast added to the dough, making the bread bulky and shiny to the eyes of men, but hollow and mushy inside. 

This sermon is a warning to the Scribes – who taught and interpreted the law to the people, and the Pharisees, who did not tolerate innovations from the Pharisees and from the whole nation, including the authorities, alerting them to the fact that they (the Pharisees) were sitting in Moses’ seat and therefore everyone should followe their orders, but they did not acted according with what they taught. 

He delivered eight "woes", saying, for example: "Woe to you, Scribes and Pharisees hypocrites! Since you clean the outside of the cup and dish, but inside are full of greed and self-indulgence. " (Mt, 23:25.) 

He recriminated the fact that they worried too much about wealth and exploited those who needed their calming prayers by the divine justice and they valued offerings of high value, prevailing the material over the spiritual. He warned about the excessive preoccupation with the external appearances, neglecting the inner, bearing signs of kindness, being kind and courteous on the outside, but instead behaving like real wolves disguised as sheep. Jesus said in that speech, which resembles the whitewashed tombs, beautiful outside, but inside, full of dead bones and sewage. He drew the attention to the support for the postulates of a dogmatic religion, fanaticism and impregnated with pleasure that the observance of empty traditions. He warns of the tithe (tenth part of all or part of their earnings) that they gave to the Temple, because it was thought enough to comply with the statute, showing the excessive emphasis on material things, to the detriment of the Spirit. They gave the tithe and did not show mercy towards the suffering: They saw too many heresies and other impurities in the other, they humiliated and mistreated the subordinate; they devalued the people who actually possessed noble qualities. They did not understand nor accepted the extension of the message of Jesus, with feelings of hatred for Him and His ideas, they manipulated the truth in order to meet their interests, placing barriers to prevent people, and themselves from the path of salvation.


The mistaken idea that by killing the man they would kill the message has not happened, and the doctrine of love that He has brought here is like a leafy tree sheltering the thirsty for justice, the afflicted, the meek, and all peacemakers seeking solace, hope and to better their bodies and spirits so that, strengthened in the words of eternal life, fearlessly continue towards the Father.  

For this reason, more than ever, the warning of Christ is relevant to the present day, because all these men will always exist.

Never was needed, as today, to know or to remember, urgently, the lessons left by Him and, above all, keep in mind that in the Gospels, we find the solutions to the problems that distress us. Because of the inaccessible language "for a portion of those who handle it, it is necessary that several issues addressed by Jesus are elucidated in the light of the Spiritism, the consoling doctrine, which comes in propitious time, to fulfil His promises." (...) "about the advent of the consoler"¹, which will restore the evangelical teachings in their true foundations.


1 - GODOY, Paulo Alves. The Four Sermons of Jesus. 5th ed., SP / SP: FEESP - 2005.

2 - MATTHEW, 24:2.

3 - SCHUTEL, Cairbar.
Parables and teachings of Jesus. 14th ed., Kills / SP: The clarion Publishing House, 1997 - Part Two.

4 - ROHDEN, Humberto. The Sermon on the Mount. SP / SP: Martin Claret

5 - JOHN, 14, 15,16 and 17.

6 - Kardec, Allan. The Gospel According to Spiritism.

7 - MATEUS, 5, 6 and 7.


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